How to Grow Quinoa



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Days to germination: 4 to 5 days
Days to harvest: 90 to 120 days
Light requirements: Full sun
Water requirements: Water occasionally during dry spells
Soil: Well-drained and fertile
Container: Not suitable for container growing

Introduction

First of all, the name of this grain plant is pronounced “keen-wa”, and its seeds are high in protein which makes it a nutritious grain to grow. The protein is considered a “complete” protein, a rarity in the plant world. This makes quinoa a popular food among vegans and vegetarians.

It’s not in the same family as the more traditional grasses we grow for grains (like wheat, oats or barley), but it is considered a grain nonetheless.

And unlike the grassy grains, quinoa will bloom with gorgeous flowers before going to seed. The flowers are usually deep red or purple, and look like a large spike of tiny clusters flowers at the top of the stalk.

Quinoa is an annual that prefers cooler weather, and is well-suited for more northern growing. Your summers should not get hotter than 90F or your plants will suffer. Your harvest of seeds can be used like many other grains, typically cooked and used alone as a rice-like side dish or incorporated into any number of recipes.

Starting from Seed

Quinoa isn’t usually started indoors for transplant, but rather just put out into the garden once the soil has warmed to around 60F. This usually makes for an early spring planting, around the time of your last frost.

Dig up your soil beforehand to loosen the earth and to kill any early weeds. Quinoa grows slowly and can have trouble competing with fast growing weeds, so it’s best to get rid of any other growth in the garden before planting.

Plant your seeds in rows, putting them no more than 1/4 inch deep. Your final plants should be 10 to 14 inches apart, so plant a few seeds at each location. If more than one sprouts, just thin down to one in each spot. While you can always sow along the entire row and thin out, it’s a bit of a waste of seed considering how quickly quinoa germinates. If any of your seeds don’t sprout, you can replant them almost within the week.

Growing Instructions

Quinoa is closely related to lamb’s-quarters, a common (but much smaller) garden weed. As a seedling, they look very similar. So take care to watch your rows when you are weeding to make sure you aren’t pulling up quinoa and leaving the weeds to thrive. And you will be doing weeding for the first several weeks. Quinoa is slow growing at first and will suffer if crowded by weeds. Once it reaches a foot high, it will start to grow much faster and should be self-sufficient.

You shouldn’t worry about watering unless your area has a longer dry spell. Quinoa is very adaptable to dry conditions and will do just fine with minimal water.

Containers

Quinoa plants are too large for container gardening, and it’s usually impractical to try and grow just a couple of plants because the harvest isn’t worth the effort.

Pests and Disease

The seeds are coated with a bitter substance called saponin, which will usually deter birds or other pests from getting into your developing seeds. The leaves on the other hand, are more vulnerable to damage from insects such as aphids and flea beetles. Regular pyrethrin-based insecticide sprays can help keep them away but a mature plant can usually withstand any damage from such small insects without much difficulty.

Various other leaf-eating caterpillars like cabbage loopers may be attracted to your quinoa, but usually not in great numbers. Pick them off when you find them, and you should be fine without additional measures.

Harvest and Storage

One of the great things about quinoa is that the leaves are edible too. Pick some of the young leaves and either steam them as a cooked green or just add them to a salad.

You’ll know when your quinoa is ready to harvest when the leaves have all dropped off, and your plants are just seed heads on a stalk. They are fine with a few light frosts, so you needn’t be worried about getting your harvest in before that strikes.

You want your seeds to be completely dry, so try to dent one with your fingernail. If you can put a slight dent into it, then they need more drying time. You can harvest them, and then just allow your grain to finish drying inside.

The dry quinoa seeds should come free from the seed heads with little trouble. A hard shaking should free the majority of seeds. There are no hulls to deal with. Use a fan or the wind to “winnow” your harvested grain to clean out the small pieces of leaves or dirt. In other words, Pour the seeds from one container down into another one, and let a breeze blow away the lighter pieces as it falls.

Once you have your seeds, you will have to wash them. This is one of the unique quirks with quinoa.

The saponin may keep the pests away, but it isn’t all that pleasant for humans either. So, prepare to wash.

Any washing technique will work, as long as the water no longer shows any evidence of foaming (saponin is quite soapy). You can mix the grain and water in a blender and spin on the lowest setting, or even put a mesh bag of quinoa in the washing machine and run the rinse cycle. After washing you will have to let the seed completely dry before storage.

You will get more or less a pound of finished grain for every 10 plants, but the yield will depend greatly on your local growing conditions.

Whole quinoa should be stored in a tight container away from any light, in a cool location. It should last for 6 months or more without any additional help.

100 Responses to “How to Grow Quinoa”

  1. Esteban  Says:

    actually, 9″ tall… just measured

  2. rosemary gaskell  Says:

    My Quinoa has reached about 24 to 36 inches high and are falling over. What should I do?
    Otherwise they look good, a little bug damage to the lower leaves, and something munching on the stem as it leaves the soil.
    What should I do?

  3. rosemary gaskell  Says:

    I live in MAssachusetts New England USA. It normally dose not get not, except this month this year. I have planted Quinoa which has reached about 24 to 36 inches high and are falling over. What should I do?

    Otherwise they look good, a little bug damage to the lower leaves, and something munching on the stem as it leaves the soil.

    What should I do?

  4. Marciana Miguel  Says:

    I live in Vancouver B.C..where can i buy quinoa seeds, for planting i would like to grow in my backyard

  5. Doug Teakell  Says:

    I have about 1/2 acre at 6500 ft on the Eastern Slope of the Sierra Nevada Mts (South Lake Tahoe, CA)It can frost till about July first. Is there a particular strain of seed I should consider? My soil is old pasture gone to good grasses. It’s a wet bog till about mid June then dries. What kind of yield might I anticipate. I have never gardened before! This finally sounds like a crop that might work here.
    !

  6. Esteban  Says:

    My small plot of plants are doing well. It will be 90 days on the 25th. Plants are about 5′ tall and beautiful multicolored seed heads. Leaves are starting to drop off. I was worried because we had some 90 degree weather early in the summer but they survived well. Looking forward to my first harvest soon. Wish I could share photos. Eugene, Oregon. USA

  7. Brian  Says:

    Anyone know if it’s too late to start in Memphis,TN.? Should I just wait until next year and continue to buy the packaged quinoa? Winters here have not been getting to cold, so I was just wondering.

  8. Diana  Says:

    Planted Quinoa for the first time this year on Bowen Island, BC. I used “Cherry Vanilla” from Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds. So far it has done great, grew to about 7 feet tall with huge heads of seeds. But we just survived an insane 4 day rainstorm and I when I went out to inspect the damage I noticed a bunch of the seeds had sprouted right on the plant! Major bummer, so now I don’t know what to do. I guess I will let them dry out and see if any survived?

  9. stephanie craig  Says:

    I want to grow some in the low mountain area of Panama. Getting seed seems to be the problem, however, i am going to try what someone said and just plant what I got at the organic food store. Maybe…… in the mean time, I will look for seeds when I visit the US in October. This has been a most interesting site. Thank you for all you are doing. It is so much easier to digest this “grain” and at my age, I need that.

  10. Jedidiah  Says:

    I grow quinoa here in Salmon Arm BC, Canada. This is my third year growing and selecting my best performers for seed. It’s been amazing so far! This year I have half an acre ripening up for harvest (about 500 plants spaced 1m) It was a dry summer, and looks like a bumper crop. I came online today looking for a community discussing growing quiona, as I am passionate about it. I found you guys! Anyone in the pacific northwest who wants to ask me questions about my experience or acquire/trade seed I would be stoked!

  11. rj  Says:

    does anyone know what size hand sieves should be used to scalp and sift Quinoa?

  12. Zieh  Says:

    Thank you for your detailed instructions at first.
    It was really helpful.
    I live in South Korea. but I’m planning to grow Q in the other region.
    (Natural cndition of that region is very good)
    I wonder How long the seed can be preserved.
    Can it germinate after 3 years from harvested?
    I already got a large amount of seeds, but I can not make sure how much I can get land. I think available land size which I can get in this and next year is not enough.

  13. Steven  Says:

    I’ve planted 3 varieties of quinoa on SW facing slope near Smithers, BC May 25, 2013. I’ve a 100×50 ft area, and the quinoa is planted in 2′ rows, 6-8” within the row, so I’ve about 1,000 plants. Thoughts on when it is ready to harvest – if harvested immature, will it still ripen off the plant? Also, I’m looking for any suggestions on practical methods to harvest. Thanks – I’ve enjoyed all the info on this post

  14. Mountainrose  Says:

    Great info here! Thanks everyone.

    Does anyone know if you can feed quinoa to chickens without washing it off first. Since it is so,high in protein, would make good feed, but is it safe and not toxic?
    Thanks

  15. katharine  Says:

    I grew quinoa in Norway this summer- 8 kilometers from the coast, and it did wonderfully. Kitkat, yes, the devastation to traditional economies in South America is terrible if we do not grow our own, and we should do so.

  16. Prem  Says:

    Estben, Thanks for sharing the time-by-time growth of quinoa in your backyard.

    I am considering growing quinoa in India, which is super hot like 105 degree F in summer. However, if i grow it in winter, right now its around 30’s down to 20’s in dec/ Jan and back to 30’s in march trimeframe, while they are ready to harvest.

    Do you think this will work ?

  17. Stanlee  Says:

    What a great informational blog! Thanks Everyone. Ihad no idea that Quinoa was so pretty … I’m planting it along the driveway of my home in Central California I think … p0robably in November. we get little rain and plenty of warmth through Jan. usuall and rarely even close to freezing. Plus it will be along side the house with nearly all day sun as the house sits E to W. I think it will be well protected and warm enough … we’ll see.

    am I understanding the answer to the repeated question of where to get seed, as AT THE GROCERY STORE? Twice I read the answer as “packaged for human consumption” … just checking … I suppose it could mean that the planting seeds will produce consumable seeds. Are you really saying taht I can plant a handful of the seeds I use to cook?
    Thanks for all the great chat …

  18. Bettina  Says:

    I’m from the the Philippines and intend to try planting quinoa. Has anyone tried doing this in a tropical country? Would love to get tips before I start. Thanks.

  19. aberra  Says:

    I found this reading beneficial.I live in Addis Abeba,Ethiopia a country which has been accosted by hunger for quite a long time now.I am searching for crops which thrive best under conditions of drought.
    Quinoa may be an answer.Most of Ethiopia has an altitude over 6000 ft.But I am not sure about the soil.The commonest soil is black cotton soil which does nor drain easily.Can I get result on such kind of soil.

  20. Matt  Says:

    I think I may give this a try for growing here in Montana next year… I love to eat it, and seeing how it grows, it may work here.

  21. Ibrahim  Says:

    Thanks for all the information and responses.

  22. Anne Martin  Says:

    Esteban in Willowemette valley Oregon,how did your crop harvest? Have been to Willowemette valley to look at Rye Grass production which we grow a lot of here in Canterbury New Zealand.do you think that the Quinoa would go OK here.?

  23. Robert  Says:

    I am from Taiwan west coast, it is 2 midles away from Taiwan Channel.
    a. Weather: Winter time: Temp. 50F ~ 665F with strong salty windy. The other seasons are 70F ~ 90F with warm smooth wind, Summer time may influed by Typhones.
    b. Soil: was flowed by sea water 15 years ago, it is salty but is recovering
    questions:
    a. Please let me know which kind Quinoa seeds is good for this situation.
    b. Marketing information for selling this crops in world wide. (Is is shoartage or over supplying, markingt price…)
    c. Any machine for helping to grow and harvest.
    d. Any suggestions?

  24. Lyle Zanoni  Says:

    Anne Martin, I bought some organic seed seed from our local super market here in Victoria, Australia, [ Coles ] their own brand, to eat and thought I’d see if they grew and yes they are. Unfortunately I’ve planted them in a container because I have just read the above blog and did’nt know anything about growing them, anyway they should grow in N.Z. we’d be about the same climate, I’ll see how they go.I’ll plant more in the ground even though it may be a little late in the season.they do germinate quickly.

  25. Caitlin  Says:

    I live in the south, so my summer highs are way over 90. However it is in the 60s in February will stay that warm until Halloween. I was wondering how long the process from planting to harvesting lasts, since we have a longer growing season I’m hoping to plan it around the hot summer, possibly plant in Feb & harvest in June?

  26. Big Ed  Says:

    What about wind?????????? I am plan a test run in Teton Co. Idaho. Perfect elevation and precipitation, but regular blowing of the wind. It generally is about 8 to 10 mph at ground level. However, gusts can go up to 30 mph. Don’t want a complete loss. Looking for input. wish me luck.

  27. big ed  Says:

    Windy situation: I am in Teton Co., Idaho and have the write climate and soil. However, it is a very windy area averaging 6 to 10 mph with gusts up to 20mph. Does anyone know how this will effect my harvest/yeild?

  28. paul swinton  Says:

    My daughter introduced us to quinoa as a food, which we really enjoyed. Bought some ourselves, did a little bit of research about sprouting it (like broccoli and bean sprouts, etc), since sprouting is supposed to make the seed/grain more nutritious. Bottom line: took about 50 of the seeds from the package, put them in a glass, rinsed them, leaving them moist. About 2 or 3 times a day, rinsed the glass with fresh water (be careful NOT to use water that’s gone through a water softener). Sprouts are now 1/2″ high, planted in a potting mix. Now that I’ve found this site, I figure I’ll transplant them into individual small pots (we run a nursery in central Missouri, so we always have tons of pots around), let them grow a bit, and plant them outside once the weather breaks. We’ll see…
    Someone earlier had asked about using the seeds to feed chickens. I’d guess you could, but other suitable feeds are a lot less expensive. But, if you’re only growing for the chickens, why not?
    I’ll have to come back here again; most threads don’t last this long, and aren’t nearly as interesting. Good luck to all who try to grow it. If it grows in the Andes without much help, and self-seeds the way it’s reported, I’d pretty much bet that it can grow almost anywhere that isn’t too cold or excessively wet.

  29. Toni  Says:

    Has anyone tried saving the wash water from the grain at all? I’d be really interested if you’ve had any experimentation/luck with using the saponin for any cleaning. I’ve used soap nuts before (saponin-containing nut shells that you can easily extract the saponin from and use for everything from your hair to the laundry) and was wondering if anyone has gotten enough saponin from these to do anything with?

  30. Sarah@quinoaproject.org  Says:

    Great discussion, I like it!
    Hey Toni,
    Yes we have used the water for washing.. but mostly in camping settings. You can do the same thing with beans too! We havent extracted the saponin in a useful way.. Usually it is dilluted in several washes of water and this includes lots of little sticks, stones and immature seeds.
    MountainRose: About quinoa and chicken feed, Last year whatever was left after winnowing/seed cleaning we threw it in the compost. The chicken geese and ducks go through the compost, scratch and pick through what looks tasty. They ate some… but would prefer just about anything else. The reason I suspect is the same reason we would not eat un-sapponined quinoa. The bitter coating is a deterrent to most creatures including birds. Thats a bonus for growing but less fun for consumption. I imagine the quinoa that was popular in bird food mixes in the 1990’s was commercially prepared and washed. Not sure though.
    For those interested in delving deeper – join the first quinoa forum quinoaproject.org !

  31. Sarah@quinoaproject.org  Says:

    * oups, correction: “The reason I suspect is the same reason we would not eat SAPPONIN coated quinoa – its bitter and prevents digestion”

  32. Jane Mc.  Says:

    I live in coastal SE US, (USDA Zone 9), and have had my first harvest of Quinoa this week. planted golden and black quinoa first of Feb. 2014.bulk seed from natural food store. grew about 4′ tall. leaves had not fully dropped, but we are getting 90* days, so I thought I should go ahead and harvest. now looking to finish drying in covered outside shed, then hand thresh, hopefully.
    any thoughts on hand threshing?

  33. Liliana  Says:

    To grow quinoa it takes around 90-120 days. many posts say to harvest the plant before the rains. We live in Northern California and haven’t actually had much rain in the Bay Area. I suppose we could try and put a crop in now to see if it will harvest before the rains. Also can you grow quinoa between other plants like corn etc? I’m reading about permaculture and it talks about growing in layers.

  34. Jan  Says:

    We planted Quinoa in the garden at our preschool/school age center. I wanted to introduce this “superfood” to our children . True to the information I read it has grown to over 6 feet and is a beautiful deep red/purple. I am wondering now how to harvest it. I want to involve the children in the process.
    I know very little about planting and harvesting. So I need some plain clear direction. Can anyone help?

  35. Rakris  Says:

    I live in Midwest USA. Does anybody have any experience growing quinoa indoors ?
    I would love to get some tips before I do it.

  36. Rain  Says:

    To Missy, Hassan and Janeen, I agree with Linus about Quinoa having the ability to adapt to different environments. My plants have survived hot temperatures to cold and in pots and in the ground at sea level. They have been over-watered to under-watered and even given seawater as an experiment. My plants are healthy and although have not harvested them yet they look to be very fruitful. I give much of the credit for the survival and great health of my plants to their homemade compost. A combination of my very own food-scraps and raw dirt. Doing this is also gives the plants more resistance in a drought since compost contains water and does not dry out easily. This also makes sense since the wet food does not weigh down and stink up your trash or go to landfills which only break down other toxic materials which then migrate through the soil.

  37. James I  Says:

    I grew about 30 plants (after planting 100’s of seeds, and now have a paper bag of brown stuff with some visible quinoa mixed in. The plants grew well with large full flowers. But where’s all the seeds? I am afraid that after winnowing, I may have nothing left. Any suggestions?

  38. DJSouthFlorida  Says:

    Hello Everyone

    This may sound like a stupid question, but recently, someone had told me that growing Quinoa is illegal in all 50 states?

    Any comments?

    Thanks
    DJ

  39. Luna  Says:

    Quinoa is my middle name. how is everyone’s quinoa growing this evening. any tips ?

  40. R.Subba Raju  Says:

    Required more details about QUINOA growing

  41. Alexander  Says:

    I want to grow some quinoa for myself and my family as the stuff is too darn expensive in the shops here. How does this plant crop in areas with hot, dry summers? Should I attempt to grow it under shade cloth to give it a bit of protection from the fierce sun? So by my calculations I would need to grow 20 plants to harvest 1 kilogram of quinoa seeds.

  42. M S Rana  Says:

    I am from North India. I would like to grow quinoa in India. Please guide.

  43. Shirley  Says:

    DJ, If growing quinoa is illegal to grow in the U.S. packages of seeds would not be readily available in nurseries. I purchased mine from a local nursery.

    These posts have been very informative. Thank you! This is the first time growing quinoa, and I made mistakes. For starters, mine are in a large pot. Will see how it grows. It is a learning process when trying something new. So far I am enjoying watching them grow. Nice to know the leaves are tasty as well.

  44. Sumanth  Says:

    Hi, I want to grow quinoa for forming in India where should i get quinoa seeds in south India plz help me

  45. Cecil.ph  Says:

    i want to grow quinoa in our farm… where can i buy seeds for planting?

  46. J  Says:

    How many weeks is the typical growing cycle (planting the seeds to harvesting the crop) for Quinoa? Where I live in Saudi Arabia, it can freeze and we do have a winter of sorts during December and January. We saw light snow one day last January that killed off a few of my trees. Come April, it starts getting hot again. If I start planting seeds in early Feb, I’m wondering if I will have a mature crop by May? I only have areas of land that get direct sun to plant the seeds in. Do the need plants need to be protected?

    Thanks.

  47. Manjit Rup Bikram Brahma  Says:

    I live in India’s north east in a submobtane region, Assam. I’ve ordered 3 Kgs of quinoa seeds on line. I hope to plant them by the end of December or early January. I’m using this site as reference as it’s still early days for quinoa growing in India. Will keep you all informed if I’m successful. Good luck to all quinoa fans and aspirant growers.

  48. youssef  Says:

    Hi,

    I live in morocco north africa, it is possible to grow the quinoi her, and when we can plant it? finally, are there somme information about the profit?
    thanks for information.

  49. SvenOfGitchiGumee  Says:

    For all of those interested, but especially those who are asking about growing quinoa in hot / wet / windy / tropical climates: I took a course in plant physiology from a well-respected forester by the name of Graeme Berlyn at Yale University, and so I will share some of what I learned about plant physiology in general, and the reasons why plants prefer certain climates over others. I do not have direct experience with this crop, so don’t put my words on a pedestal; my only hope is that this will serve as a useful general guide for your own tests growing quinoa.

    For most plants, stress management is the primary purpose for their specific biological traits: their shape, their chemistry, and their physiology.

    Light is actually one of a plant’s main stressors. Light is the source of a plant’s energy, and is highly necessary for growth; but whenever a photon of UV light collides with a molecule of water, there is a chance of producing what botanists call a “reactive oxygen species”. These are examples of what nutritionists also call “free radicals”; they are chemically-reactive varieties of oxygen that can damage the cell. “Antioxidants” are chemicals that plants produce to eliminate reactive oxygen species.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reactive_oxygen_species

    Light can also damage the plant in other ways: photobleaching is the scientific word for damage to plant pigments like chlorophyll, the main chemical which harvests the energy of light for the plant to use. Just as how a strong wind can damage a windmill, strong light can damage chlorophyll, requiring the plant to spend energy to repair its light-harvesting structures.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photobleaching

    Quinoa is a high-altitude plant. Due to the thin atmosphere, high-altitude environments require strong defenses against UV light; and while, again, I have never studied quinoa itself, we can expect that surely the plant has developed some kinds of defenses against free radical damage. However, because plants of this species have grown to expect high UV light levels, when they are grown in an area with lower UV light levels, such as areas at sea-level, or areas in temperate climates, it is possible that the anti-light defenses may cause problems.

    One of the ways plants defend against UV light is by using chlorophyll in the top layer of the leaf to shade the chlorophyll in bottom layer of the leaf. This prevents the bottom layer from being damaged, and so photosynthesis can happen safely there. However, if quinoa’s anti-UV defenses are too strong, it may be that the top of the leaf shades out the bottom leaf, and not enough light gets through. It is possible that quinoa plants have the ability to adapt when grown in lower-altitude, thicker-atmosphere conditions; but this is unknown.

    Therefore, if you are trying to grow quinoa at lower elevations, you may want to try growing during a time of year with fewer clouds; in some areas, that may be the only time of year where it will receive sufficient light to grow well.

    However, light is only one dynamic. There are many processes that influence whether plants grow well.

    Water is a necessary component of photosynthesis; it is the lifeblood of the plant, allowing the movement of crucial minerals from the roots to the leaves, and allowing as well the crucial movement of leaf-produced sugars down to the roots. Without a constant flow of water up a plant’s stem and out its branches, a plant’s leaves are unable to feed the roots, and the roots unable to mineralize the leaves.

    However, water is a double-edged sword. Water is also necessary for plant pathogens, for the fungi and bacteria and viruses that attack plants. A plant wants to have sufficient water, but it does not want its predators to fare so well.

    When a plant has adapted itself to desert environments, it has adapted itself to an environment that is much more difficult for pathogens to thrive in. When it grows, it will not always expect to encounter aggressive infections of molds or mildews; and it may not have adequate defenses to prepare itself for the type of underground chemical warfare that occurs in normal moist soils.

    However, these processes become more complicated once we consider the effects of heat.

    The main way that heat stresses plants is by causing extra loss of water. Water evaporates more quickly when it is hot; and so a plant that is grown in a cold desert will experience less loss of water than a plant that is grown in a hot desert.

    Moreover, plants do not actively transport water. Water moves up a plant’s stem only when water is evaporating from its leaves. The evaporating water on a leaf’s surface sucks water up the stem like water being sucked up a straw; plants are constantly breathing water out into the air: this process is called evapotranspiration. If a plant is not adapted to reduce transpiration during hot temperatures, it may lose its water.

    Water is not the only chemical which reacts differently in hot environments; most chemical reactions take place more quickly in hot environments. Because of this, heat can trigger all sorts of developmental changes in plants; and not all of these can be predicted based only on knowledge of the plant’s climate of origin.

    Again, I have never studied quinoa directly; however, based on what I know about plants in general, I can say that it is possible that quinoa damage in hot conditions comes from too little water. If you wish to grow quinoa in large fields in hot climates, irrigation might improve growth and yield. However, given the plant’s dryland origins, it is possible that overwatering may encourage molds to damage the roots.

    Therefore if, in your testing, a crop fails under irrigated or naturally-wet conditions, observe the roots; if you find mold or mildew damage, this will inform your search for methods of preventing such crop failures in the future.

    Windy conditions are a far simpler stress both to understand and to alleviate; if you find that the winds cause your plants to collapse, you can try installing a physical brace. If that’s impossible, a belt of trees or shrubs to shelter the plants from the wind might help.

    I hope the above information is useful; to all, good luck and God bless.

  50. Nicki  Says:

    I few just two plants in a container, just for fun really. I have about a cup of seeds from the two plants. Not bad! I had problem with aphids at the end, just before I harvested. Otherwise no problems at all in Whistler BC (altitude 700 m.). The plants grew to be about 1 meter high and were fairly drought resistant.

    My question is: with washing the seeds is it necessary as a separate step before storage? . Could I store the seeds and then before cooking, wash the seeds really well to get rid of saponins?

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